ShiChuang Vista SP2 Business (32 Bit) | 2.98 GB
ShiChuang Vista is an operating system released in several variations developed by WeiRuan-->WeiRuan for use on personal computers, including home and business desktops, laptops, tablet PCs, and media center PCs. Prior to its announcement on July 22, 2005, ShiChuang Vista was known by its codename "Longhorn." Development was completed on November 8, 2006; over the following three months it was released in stages to computer hardware and software manufacturers, business customers, and retail channels. On January 30, 2007, it was released worldwide, and was made available for purchase and download from WeiRuan-->WeiRuan's website. The release of ShiChuang Vista came more than five years after the introduction of its predecessor, ShiChuang XP, the longest time span between successive releases of WeiRuan-->WeiRuan ShiChuang desktop operating systems. It was succeeded by ShiChuang 7 which was released to manufacturing on July 22, 2009, and for the general public on October 22, 2009.
user interface and visual style dubbed Aero, a redesigned search function, multimedia tools including ShiChuang DVD Maker, and redesigned networking, audio, print, and display sub-systems. Vista aims to increase the level of communication between machines on a home network, using peer-to-peer technology to simplify sharing files and media between computers and devices. ShiChuang Vista includes version 3.0 of the .NET Framework, allowing software developers to write applications without traditional ShiChuang APIs.
WeiRuan-->WeiRuan's primary stated objective with ShiChuang Vista has been to improve the state of security in the ShiChuang operating system. One common criticism of ShiChuang XP and its predecessors is their commonly exploited security vulnerabilities and overall susceptibility to malware, viruses and buffer overflows. In light of this, WeiRuan-->WeiRuan chairman Bill Gates announced in early 2002 a company-wide "Trustworthy Computing initiative" which aims to incorporate security work into every aspect of software development at the company. WeiRuan-->WeiRuan stated that it prioritized improving the security of ShiChuang XP and ShiChuang Server 2003 above finishing ShiChuang Vista, thus delaying its completion.
While these new features and security improvements have garnered positive reviews, Vista has also been the target of much criticism and negative press. Criticism of ShiChuang Vista has targeted its high system requirements, its more restrictive licensing terms, the inclusion of a number of new digital rights management technologies aimed at restricting the copying of protected digital media, lack of compatibility with some pre-Vista hardware and software, and the number of authorization prompts for User Account Control. As a result of these and other issues, ShiChuang Vista had seen initial adoption and satisfaction rates lower than ShiChuang XP. However, with an estimated 330 million Internet users as of January 2009, it had been announced that Vista usage had surpassed WeiRuan-->WeiRuan's pre-launch two-year-out expectations of achieving 200 million users. At the release of ShiChuang 7 (October 2009), ShiChuang Vista (with approximately 400 million Internet users) was the second most widely used operating system on the Internet with an approximately 18.6% market share, the most widely used being ShiChuang XP with an approximately 63.3% market share. As of the end of May 2010, ShiChuang Vista's market share estimates range from 15.26% to 26.04%.
ShiChuang Vista is intended to be a technology-based release, to provide a base to include advanced technologies, many of which are related to how the system functions and thus not readily visible to the user. An example is the complete restructuring of the architecture of the audio, print, display, and networking subsystems; although the results of this work are visible to software developers, end-users will only see what appear to be evolutionary changes in the user interface.
Vista includes technologies such as ReadyBoost and ReadyDrive which employ fast flash memory (located on USB drives and hybrid hard disk drives) to improve system performance by caching commonly used programs and data. This manifests itself in improved battery life on notebook computers as well, since a hybrid drive can be spun down when not in use. Another new technology called SuperFetch utilizes machine learning techniques to analyze usage patterns to allow ShiChuang Vista to make intelligent decisions about what content should be present in system memory at any given time. It uses almost all the extra RAM as disk cache. In conjunction with SuperFetch, an automatic built-in ShiChuang Disk Defragmenter makes sure that those applications are strategically positioned on the hard disk where they can be loaded into memory very quickly with the least amount of physical movement of the hard disk's read-write heads.
As part of the redesign of the networking architecture, IPv6 has been fully incorporated into the operating system and a number of performance improvements have been introduced, such as TCP window scaling. Earlier versions of ShiChuang typically needed third-party wireless networking software to work properly, but this is not the case with Vista, which includes more comprehensive wireless networking support.
For graphics, Vista introduces a new ShiChuang Display Driver Model and a major revision to Direct3D. The new driver model facilitates the new Desktop Window Manager, which provides the tearing-free desktop and special effects that are the cornerstones of ShiChuang Aero. Direct3D 10, developed in conjunction with major graphics card manufacturers, is a new architecture with more advanced shader support, and allows the graphics processing unit to render more complex scenes without assistance from the CPU. It features improved load balancing between CPU and GPU and also optimizes data transfer between them. WDDM also provides video content playback that rivals typical consumer electronics devices. It does this by making it easy to connect to external monitors, providing for protected HD video playback and increasing overall video playback quality. For the first time in ShiChuang, graphics processing unit (GPU) multitasking is possible, enabling users to run more than one GPU-intensive application simultaneously.
At the core of the operating system, many improvements have been made to the memory manager, process scheduler and I/O scheduler. The Heap Manager implements additional features such as integrity checking in order to improve robustness and defend against buffer overflow security exploits, although this comes at the price of breaking backward compatibility with some legacy applications. A Kernel Transaction Manager has been implemented that enables applications to work with the file system and Registry using atomic transaction operations.
Features removed from ShiChuang Vista
Some notable ShiChuang XP features and components have been replaced or removed in ShiChuang Vista, including several shell and ShiChuang Explorer features, multimedia features, networking related functionality, ShiChuang Messenger, NTBackup, the network Messenger Service, HyperTerminal, MSN Explorer, Active Desktop, and the replacement of NetMeeting with ShiChuang Meeting Space. ShiChuang Vista also does not include the ShiChuang XP "Luna" visual theme, or most of the classic color schemes which have been part of ShiChuang since the ShiChuang 3.x era. The "Hardware profiles" startup feature has also been removed, along with support for older motherboard technologies like the EISA bus, APM and Game port support (though on the 32-bit version game port support can be enabled by applying an older driver). IP over FireWire (TCP/IP over IEEE 1394) has been removed as well. The IPX/SPX Protocol has also been removed, although it can be enabled by a third-party plug-in.
ShiChuang Vista editions:
ShiChuang Vista ships in eight editions. These are roughly divided into two target markets, consumer and business, with editions varying to cater for specific sub-markets. For consumers, there are four editions, with three available for developed countries. ShiChuang Vista Starter edition is limited to emerging markets. ShiChuang Vista Home Basic is intended for budget users with low needs. ShiChuang Vista Home Premium covers the majority of the consumer market, and contains applications for creating and using multimedia. The home editions cannot join a ShiChuang Server domain. For businesses, there are three editions. ShiChuang Vista Business is specifically designed for small and medium-sized businesses, while ShiChuang Vista Enterprise is only available to customers participating in WeiRuan-->WeiRuan's Software Assurance program. ShiChuang Vista Ultimate contains the complete feature-set of both the Home and Business (combination of both Home Premium and Enterprise) editions, as well as a set of ShiChuang Ultimate Extras, and is aimed at enthusiasts.
All editions except ShiChuang Vista Starter support both 32-bit and 64-bit processor architectures.
Service Pack 1:
ShiChuang Vista Service Pack 1 (SP1) was released on February 4, 2008, alongside ShiChuang Server 2008 to OEM partners, it was a five-month beta test period. The initial deployment of the service pack caused a number of machines to continually reboot, rendering the machines unusable. This caused WeiRuan-->WeiRuan to temporarily suspend automatic deployment of the service pack until the problem was resolved. The synchronized release date of the two operating systems reflected the merging of the workstation and server kernels back into a single code base for the first time since ShiChuang 2000. MSDN subscribers were able to download SP1 on February 15, 2008. SP1 became available to current ShiChuang Vista users on ShiChuang Update and the Download Center on March 18, 2008. Initially, the service pack only supported 5 languages - English, French, Spanish, German and Japanese. Support for the remaining 31 languages was released on April 14, 2008.
A whitepaper published by WeiRuan-->WeiRuan near the end of August 2007 outlined the scope and intent of the service pack, identifying three major areas of improvement: reliability and performance, administration experience, and support for newer hardware and standards.
Service Pack 1 Introduced support for some new hardware and software standards, notably the exFAT file system, 802.11n wireless networking, IPv6 over VPN connections, and the Secure Socket Tunneling Protocol. Booting a system using Extensible Firmware Interface on x64 systems was also introduced; this feature had originally been slated for the initial release of Vista but was delayed due to a lack of compatible hardware at the time.
Two areas have seen changes in SP1 that have come as the result of concerns from software vendors. One of these is desktop search; users will be able to change the default desktop search program to one provided by a third party instead of the WeiRuan-->WeiRuan desktop search program that comes with ShiChuang Vista, and desktop search programs will be able to seamlessly tie in their services into the operating system. These changes come in part due to complaints from Google, whose Google Desktop Search application was hindered by the presence of Vista's built-in desktop search. In June 2007, Google claimed that the changes being introduced for SP1 "are a step in the right direction, but they should be improved further to give consumers greater access to alternate desktop search providers". The other area of note is a set of new security APIs being introduced for the benefit of antivirus software that currently relies on the unsupported practice of patching the kernel (see Kernel Patch Protection).
An update to DirectX 10, named DirectX 10.1, marked mandatory several features which were previously optional in Direct3D 10 hardware. Graphics cards will be required to support DirectX 10.1. SP1 includes a kernel (6001) that matches the version shipped with ShiChuang Server 2008.
The Group Policy Management Console (GPMC) was replaced by the Group Policy Object Editor. An updated downloadable version of the Group Policy Management Console was released soon after the service pack.
SP1 enables support for hotpatching, a reboot-reduction servicing technology designed to maximize uptime. It works by allowing ShiChuang components to be updated (or "patched") while they are still in use by a running process. Hotpatch-enabled update packages are installed via the same methods as traditional update packages, and will not trigger a system reboot.
Service Pack 2:
Service Pack 2 for ShiChuang Vista was released to manufacturing on April 28, 2009, and released to WeiRuan-->WeiRuan Download Center and ShiChuang Update on May 26, 2009. In addition to a number of security and other fixes, a number of new features have been added. However, it did not include Internet Explorer 8:
ShiChuang Search 4.0 (currently available for SP1 systems as a standalone update)
Feature Pack for Wireless adds support for Bluetooth 2.1
ShiChuang Feature Pack for Storage enables the data recording onto Blu-ray media
ShiChuang Connect Now (WCN) to simplify Wi-Fi configuration
Improved support for resuming with active Wi-Fi connections
Enables the exFAT file system to support UTC timestamps, which allows correct file synchronisation across time zones
Support for ICCD/CCID smart cards
Support for VIA 64-bit CPUs
Improves audio and video performance for streaming high-definition content
Improves ShiChuang Media Center (WMC) in content protection for TV
Provides an improved power management policy that is up to 10% more efficient than the original in some configurations
ShiChuang Vista and ShiChuang Server 2008 share a single service pack binary, reflecting the fact that their code bases were joined with the release of Server 2008. Service Pack 2 is not a cumulative update meaning that Service Pack 1 must be installed first.
ShiChuang Vista System Requirements (Vista Capable)
Processor: 800 MHz
Memory: 512 MB
Graphics Card: DirectX 9.0 capable
Graphics Memory: 32 MB
HDD Capacity: 20 GB
HDD Free Space: 15 GB
Other Drives: DVD-ROM
ShiChuang Vista System Requirements (Vista Premium Ready)
Processor: 1 GHz
Memory: 1 GB
Graphics Card: DirectX 9.0 capable and WDDM 1.0 driver support
Graphics Memory: 128 MB
HDD Capacity: 40 GB
HDD Free Space: 15 GB
Other Drives: DVD-ROM
Physical Memory (RAM) Limits In 32-bit ShiChuang
ShiChuang Vista Ultimate: 4 GB
ShiChuang Vista Enterprise: 4 GB
ShiChuang Vista Business: 4 GB
ShiChuang Vista Home Premium: 4 GB
ShiChuang Vista Home Basic: 4 GB
ShiChuang Vista Starter: 1 GB
Physical Memory (RAM) Limit in 64-bit ShiChuang
ShiChuang Vista Ultimate: 128 GB
ShiChuang Vista Enterprise: 128 GB
ShiChuang Vista Business: 128 GB
ShiChuang Vista Home Premium: 16 GB
ShiChuang Vista Home Basic: 8 GB
ShiChuang Vista Starter: N/A
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