Great Course How To Draw [Video + Transcript]
Size: 17.25 GB Type: eLearning
Course By: Professor David Brody
The 36 lectures in this course are distilled form four decades of study, studio work, and teaching and represent the most important and useful things to know about drawing-information that novice artists should have when starting out.
The course presents drawing as a language and, as in many language courses, introduces ideas on at a time to allow you to carefully examine each piece of the puzzle. The lectures progress cumulatively in a step-by-step fashion, with each new idea building on the previous ones. We'll start from simple units and move up to ever-greater complexity.
Each lecture or set of lectures deals with a key idea, concept, material, or technique that has been historically important to artists over the long history of drawing. As we'll see, although there have certainly been changes with time and place, there has also been a great degree of continuity in the language of drawing across all continents and over the millennia that human beings have been making drawings.
The approach in this course is fairly simple. Each lecture begins by describing and explaining a new concept or technique, which is then situated it in its historical context and illustrated with visual examples. The examples include both masterworks from a range of periods and traditions in art history and student drawings meant to demonstrate that learning to draw is eminently attainable. The lectures themselves run about 18 hours, but working through all the exercises and projects may well keep you occupied for several months or longer.
The course is divided into six sections. The first section, Lectures 1 through 4, introduces the long history of drawing, starting with some lines scratched into a piece of ochre found in a cave in South Africa dating back some 80,000 years or more and bringing us up to the present day. The introductory section presents the course in broad strokes and quickly gets you experimenting with the materials you'll be using throughout.
The second section, Lectures 5 through 15, focuses on the underlying grammar of drawing, referred to as formal language. Here, you'll learn to draw with different types of line, including contour, cross-contour, construction line, and gestural line. You'll learn how line creates shapes, both positive and negative, and how you can use simple shapes to draw many complex objects. You'll also see how you can use cross-contour line to transform flat shape into three-dimensional volume.
As we begin to draw more complex groupings of objects, we'll delve into composition. We'll learn how famous artists-spanning the Song dynasty in China, the Italian Renaissance, the French Impressionist period, and beyond-structured their drawings in this regard.
In Lectures 12 through 14, we'll learn how such artists as Leonardo, Dürer, Eakins, and Van Gogh used practical systems to arrive at accurate proportions and a convincing illusion of volume and three-dimensional space. You'll apply these same methods and techniques to your own drawing projects.
In the third section, Lectures 16 through 20, we'll learn about linear perspective. This powerful drawing system, developed during the Renaissance, radically changed the way future generations would draw around the world. It's not only at the heart of what Raphael and his Renaissance contemporaries were able to accomplish but has become ubiquitous in everything from the contemporary works of such artists as Anselm Kiefer, to video games and manga, to animated cartoons, such as The Simpsons.
In the fourth section, Lectures 21 through 30, we'll return to complete our examination of formal language, learning to incorporate value, texture, and color into drawings. You'll learn how artists think about palettes of value and how palettes suggest light and mood. You'll also learn to use value as a compositional tool and how you can create the illusion of volume, space, and light through modulations of light and dark. You'll see how you can further affect the feel of a drawing thorough mark-making and the use of texture. And you'll learn about textural approaches to creating value, including hatching, cross-hatching, and other mark-making systems.
We'll conclude the fourth section with an exploration of color. We'll learn about color properties and study the basics of color theory. As with value, we'll see how artists use these ideas and conceive of color in terms of palettes-groupings or limitations of color that help create specific qualities of light and mood. As we did with value, we'll learn how we can use color compositionally to create a visual hierarchy with focal areas and focal points. And you'll apply all these ideas in your own drawings to create different qualities of mood, light, and form.
In the fifth section, we'll focus on the human figure. The approach in this section is geared to help you draw figures both from observation and your imagination. We'll start with an examination of canons of proportion. Here, you'll learn how to build a figure using a set of measures. We'll complement this with a study of artistic anatomy, including both the skeletal and muscular systems. You'll also learn techniques for approaching the foreshortened figure. We'll apply what we learn about the figure to our study of linear perspective, giving you the tools you need to draw figures from your imagination in imagined environments.
In the final section, devoted to advanced projects, we'll look at some of the changes that have occurred from the late 19th century to the present. These include the evolution of Renaissance spatial constructs to include abstraction and a broader understanding of pictorial space. We'll close with a discussion and a set or projects designed to help you identify the kind of art you want to make and some thoughts on how you can continue working toward that goal.
1. An Introduction to Drawing 32 min
2. Drawing Materials for Line 32 min
3. Drawing Fundamentals and First Exercises 30 min
4. Line and Shape: Line and Aggregate Shape 31 min
5. Line and Shape: Volume and Figure-Ground 33 min
6. Line and Shape: Positive and Negative Shape 28 min
7. Composition: The Format and Its Armature 30 min
8. Composition: How Artists Compose 28 min
9. Line and Shape: Line Attributes and Gesture 29 min
10. Composition: Shape and Advanced Strategies 29 min
11. Proportion: Alberti's Velo 29 min
12. Proportion: Accurate Proportion and Measure 28 min
13. Creating Volume and Illusionistic Space 29 min
14. Six Complex Drawing Projects 30 min
15. Linear Perspective: Introduction 32 min
16. Linear Perspective: The Quad 27 min
17. Linear Perspective: The Gridded Room 28 min
18. Linear Perspective: Ellipses and Pattern 30 min
19. Linear Perspective: Advanced Topics 29 min
20. Value: How Artists Use Value 28 min
21. Value: Drawing Materials for Value 29 min
22. Value: Black and White and a Value Scale 29 min
23. Value: Eight Complex Drawing Projects 29 min
24. Value: Side Light and Cast Shadow 29 min
25. Value: Oblique Light and Cast Shadow 29 min
26. Texture: Mark Making and Optical Value 31 min
27. Texture: How Artists Use Texture 29 min
28. Color: Color Theory and Color and Light 30 min
29. Color: How Artists Use Color 30 min
30. Color: Color Drawing Projects 30 min
31. The Figure: A Canon of Proportions 29 min
32. The Figure: The Head, Hands, and Feet 30 min
33. The Figure: Artistic Anatomy 29 min
34. The Figure: Drawing Projects 33 min
35. Advanced Concepts: Pictorial Space 29 min
36. Advanced Drawing Projects 32 min
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